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Eid az-Zahra

Masjid JamkaranTo accomplish this, we must consider ourselves the true companions of the Imam of the Age, just as Salman al-Farsi, Abu Dhar al-Ghifari, Ammar Yasir, and Malik al-Ashtar were the companions of Imam Ali, and the martyrs and survivors of Karbala were the true companions of Imam Hussain. We must mold our characters to emulate the Ahlul Bayt to be like the best companions.

Masjid Jamkaran“It is on this day that Allah will destroy your enemies and the enemies of your grandfather, and it is on this day when Allah will accept the actions of your Shia and those who love you. This is the day when the words of Allah came true where He said (in the Qur’an): ‘So those are the houses fallen down because they were unjust.'” (27:52) – Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him and his progeny), speaking to Imams Ali, Hasan and Hussain (peace be upon them) about the date 9 Rabi al-Awwal, known as Eid az-Zahra.

Eid az-Zahra is so called because it is noted in the traditions as a happy day for the daughter of the Holy Prophet, Bibi Fatima Zahra (peace be upon her), for it would mark an end to the period of mourning over her son Hussain and his companions after the tragedy of Karbala. On this date, Umar ibn Sa’ad, who commanded the army against Imam Hussain in Karbala, was executed for his crimes by the order of Mukhtar. It is said that it is the first date after enduring the tragedy of Karbala that Imam Sajjad (peace be upon him) smiled, and that it was a tradition of the Ahlul Bayt (peace be upon them) to mark this day as a great Eid.

This date is important for another reason as well; it is the date that begins the Imamate of our Living Imam, Imam Muhammad ibn Hasan al-Mahdi (may God hasten his reappearance). We mourn the passing of his father on the previous date, which marks an end to the period of mourning often collectively called “Muharram”, even though it includes dates spreading through the lunar months of Muharram, Safar, and Rabi al-Awwal. Eid az-Zahra marks an end of mourning and a beginning of happiness for the coming of our Imam, who will bring justice where it had been denied to his ancestors.

It is highly recommended to perform ghusl, wear fresh clothes, give charity, and to meet with one another in praise of Ahlul Bayt and commemoration of the occasion.

Eid az-Zahra is also a date to bring to mind that we indeed have a Living Imam whom we follow, and that we owe our allegiance to him and are obligated to serve him and fulfill our duties as Shia.

Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (peace be upon him) said, “The best means through which servants can achieve closeness to Allah, Mighty and Glorious, is the obedience of Allah, the obedience of His Messenger, and the obedience of those charged with (spiritual) authority.” Then, he added: “The love of us (Ahlul Bayt) is Faith and the hatred for us is infidelity.”

Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq (peace be upon him) said: “Verily there are various degrees of serving Allah, but love for us, Ahlul Bayt, is the highest one.”

The duty of the Shias during the major occultation is to make ourselves ready for the return of the Imam such that, were he to arrive out of occultation at any moment, we would be acceptable to him to serve him and his cause as needed, and that we would be ready and able to do so.

To accomplish this, we must consider ourselves the true companions of the Imam of the Age, just as Salman al-Farsi, Abu Dhar al-Ghifari, Ammar Yasir, and Malik al-Ashtar were the companions of Imam Ali, and the martyrs and survivors of Karbala were the true companions of Imam Hussain. We must mold our characters to emulate the Ahlul Bayt to be like the best companions. We must educate ourselves on the right path and persist in good works and keeping away from sin. We must not be satisfied with the status quo or mediocrity.

Imam as-Sadiq once said, “A person is not considered one of our Shia if he lives in a town with a population of 100,000, and there is someone among them who is more pious than him.”

We must take this concept to heart and strive with our full efforts to achieve the highest ranks of piety that we can. We should pray to be included among the true awaiting ones of the Imam, such that our acts and intentions are symbols of our sincerity in this regard.

We should fervently pray for the end of his occultation and recite dua for his safety and welfare and as our oaths of allegiance. Examples of supplications to be recited, such as Dua Ahad, can be found at http://www.duas.org/imamezamana.htm

About Masooma Beatty

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  • 5ashi3a

    ‘Eid az-Zahra marks an end of mourning’
    just have to say that ‘ every day is ashura, and every land is karbala’

  • syed

    eid al zahra is something that was made up and not a part of islam.

    point to the hadith that even mentions the term “EID AL ZAHRA”?!!

    this is truely an innovation…

  • momofthree

    why did you not mention the birth of the Prophet (S) as also something to celeberate in Rablul awwal?

  • otowi

    The Prophet’s (saw) birthday is still a little ways away (as most believe it to be 17th rather than 9th Rabi ul Awwal) and may be mentioned in a future edition of II. This article was not for all of Rabi ul Awwal, but only for the current week or so.

    Eid e Zahra is mentioned in several different Islamic sources, including some attributed to Ahlul-bayt (as). Perhaps it is not universally commemorated. It is mentioned in the hadith, just not by particular name, just as Eid e Ghadeer is not called “Eid Ghadeer” in hadith but is still a real Eid. It is also called Eid Shuja in some sources. No scholars, to our knowledge, have spoken against its observance in any ruling or commentary. If you believe it is a haram innovation, then please provide a ruling/evidence. I had investigated this matter and have not found anything to suggest it is “made up” or more particularly, haram bida.

    Please do not confuse it with Nowrooz, which is another matter, about which there seems to be more disagreement. Amaal for Eid Zahra are mentioned in some of the books and include the standard for Eids: On the 9th of Rabi al-Awwal, it is highly recommended to:

    * Perform Ghusl (Ablution).
    * Wear new clothes.
    * Apply perfume.
    * Hold gatherings to praise Allah (SWT), His Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and the Ahlul Bayt (as).

    See for example: http://www.ezsoftech.com/islamic/eidzehra.asp

  • OJ

    I would like to send my felicitation to all momineen and mominaat on the occasion of Eid e Zahra. May Allah accept all our ibadat during moharram.

    On this auspicious occasion I would like to request II to initiate ‘Quran Circle’ whereby we can recite Quran and dedicate it to the great personalities of that month (wiladat and shahadat) and to our murhumeen.

  • a sister in islam

    from what i know it wasnt umar ibn saad that died on 9th of rabi ul awwal. history books report it tobe umar ibn khattab. i think over time the two have become confused especially by muslims from the subcontinent. i’ve lived amongst indians, pakistanis, iranis, and arabs. its only the indians and pakistani’s who observe the 68 day mourning period. i still havent found the origins for that tradition. again like it was mentioned every day is ashura…every land is karbala. in ahadith its always mentioned that the ahlul bayt observed the first 10 days of muhram traditionally as a mourning prd.

    in dua books main reason for celebration eid e zahra is as its the beginning of imam mahdi’s imamat as the previous day is 11th imam’s shahadat it cant be considered a day of celebration