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Understanding Niqab in Islam

Is it merely a cultural practice?History records that Lady Zainab used to be escorted by the male members of her household to protect her honor and dignity whenever she walked outside. We can imagine that with this level of protectiveness over her chastity, Lady Zainab must have had her face covered when she went outside. This thought is confirmed when we hear someone narrating that, before the tragic events of Karbala when the caravan of female captives had their veils snatched away, he testifies that he never saw what Lady Zainab looked like except after her Hijab was confiscated! This only indicates that whenever Lady Zainab left her house, she veiled herself completely such that very few knew her physical features.

Is it merely a cultural practice?Not too long ago, France took another step in its descent into full-blown religious intolerance, as police began enforcing the new law banning the wearing of face-veils, or what is known as Niqab. Several women have already been arrested for displaying the full face covering in public. In 2004, France passed a ban on headscarves in public schools, as well as other “prominent” religious symbols such as large crosses. This new law says, in effect, that if a faith requires devout women to cover their faces in public, they are no longer welcome in France.

It is well-known and agreed by all Muslims that what is obligatory for men and women to observe is Hijab – and for women, it entails covering of the body with the exception of the face and hands in front of un-related (non-Mahram) men. This is the bare minimum that every Muslim woman is commanded to observe, as supported by authentic prophetic narrations and the Holy Qur’an, “And say to the believing women that they cast down their looks and guard their private parts and do not display their ornaments except what appears thereof, and let them wear their head-coverings over their bosoms…” (24:31)

There has been difference in opinion even among the Muslims regarding the extent of permissibility of Niqab and whether it is really recommended or advised. Today, unfortunately the Niqab has been commonly worn or associated with the Wahhabis and Salafis, and some Muslims view the Niqab to be a taboo for Islam and are therefore against it. Others discourage their wives or other female members of their family from fully covering themselves including their faces, out of fear that it may affect their reputations or positions, or that they may be labeled as Muslims while they are actually striving to dissolve themselves among the crowds.

From the perspective of our jurisprudential scholars, it is emphasized that under some conditions, covering the face and hands is deemed obligatory or is strongly advised to be observed as an extra precaution. For example, in ruling #449 as cited in A Code of Practice for Muslims in the West, Ayatollah Sayyid Ali Sistani states: “A woman is allowed to keep her face and hands uncovered in the presence of a non-mahram man, provided that she does not fear of getting into a haram act, that the exposure of her face and hand does not cause men to gaze at her in a forbidden way, and that it does not give rise to immorality in general.” So, if a woman is noticeably wearing makeup, it is obligatory upon her to cover her face in some way or another. Other scholars of the past, such as Ayatollah Sayyid Abul-Qasim al-Khoei and Ayatollah Muhammad Ridha Gulpaygani, ruled that it is Ehtiyat-e-Wajib for a woman to cover her face in front of un-related men at all times. (A Code of Ethics for Muslim Men and Women)

Let us better understand this concept with respect to the Sunnah of the Prophet and his Ahlul Bayt (peace be upon them all) so that we draw a clear picture of where and how Niqab stands in Islam. We can reflect upon the following examples:

It is narrated that one day, one of the wives of the Prophet, Umm al-Mu’minin Safiyya bint Huyay ibn Akhtab went to visit him, and when she got up to leave, the Prophet stood up to walk her back home. On the way home, the Prophet passed by two men from the Ansaar who saw him and started hastening in their walk. So the Prophet called out to them, “Take it easy, she is Safiyyah!” From this incident, it is clear that his wife Safiyyah had her face covered when she was walking outside with the Prophet such that the people could not identify her. So, he identified the woman accompanying him to be his wife so that the minds of the weak do not entertain any devilish thought or doubt his chastity.

When Lady Zainab (peace be upon her) was present in the court of Yazid, what did she say to him? History records that she said: “Is it the custom of justice, oh accursed son of the ‘Released persons’, that you keep your ladies and concubines behind the veils (with respect) and at the same time you captivate and parade the helpless daughters of the Messenger of Allah as prisoners?! You snatched their veils and exposed their faces, and displayed them from one land to another, being viewed by those at watering places as well as those who guard your forts, with their faces exposed to the looks of everyone, near or distinct, low or elite, having none of their men with them nor any of their protectors?!”

From her statement, it is clear that the faces of the women of the household of the Prophet were usually not exposed in the streets such that Lady Zainab is now reprimanding Yazid for having their faces displayed leading to their violation due to staring of the strangers.

When Lady Zainab entered the court of Ibn Ziyad along with the caravan of captives, Ibn Ziyad spotted her among the captives. Historical narrations describe Lady Zainab by saying that “she was seated while disguised”. So Ibn Ziyad asked, “Who is that lady who is seated?” They informed him that she is Zainab. We get an impression from this incident that perhaps the custom during that time was that women would cover their faces when they were outside in public, but when they entered a court or an indoor setting or a comfort zone, they would show their faces to identify themselves. Since Lady Zainab kept herself disguised in the court, Ibn Ziyad saw that act as something out of the ordinary as he wasn’t able to identify her.

History records that Lady Zainab used to be escorted by the male members of her household to protect her honor and dignity whenever she walked outside. We can imagine that with this level of protectiveness over her chastity, Lady Zainab must have had her face covered when she went outside. This thought is confirmed when we hear someone narrating that, before the tragic events of Karbala when the caravan of female captives had their veils snatched away, he testifies that he never saw what Lady Zainab looked like except after her Hijab was confiscated! This only indicates that whenever Lady Zainab left her house, she veiled herself completely such that very few knew her physical features. It is extremely sad and to know that this same Lady Zainab who had her honor well-protected by the male members of her household, was taken as a captive with her Hijab confiscated in the streets of Shaam! May God remove His mercy from those who violated the honor of the women of the Prophet’s Household!

When the famous incident of burning the door of the house of Lady Fatima took place, it was in an attempt to force her husband, Imam Ali (peace be upon him), to give his pledge of allegiance to Abu Bakr. It is narrated that her husband was in the house with her along with some companions like Abu Dharr and Salman al-Muhammadi (may Allah be pleased with them) who accompanied Imam Ali and refused to give their allegiance as well. With the presence of other male non-mahrams in her house, it is clear that Lady Fatima would at least have her Hijab on. However, when the hoodlums sent by Umar barged into her house, she hid behind the door. This may indicate that since her face was not covered and she was used to covering her face outdoors in public, she hastened to conceal herself behind the door. After all, she was in the comfort of her own house and did not need to cover her face especially among those whom she knew well or trusted. And Allah knows best.

It is narrated that when Lady Fatima was ill after she was denied her right for Fadak which was unjustly seized from her, Abu Bakr sought to apologize to her and went over to her home. After being given the permission to enter her presence, Lady Fatima turned her face away from him. From this incident, we can deduce that if Lady Fatima had her face covered, then she wouldn’t need to turn her face away. After all, she was in the comfort of her own house. Perhaps, it is Allah’s wisdom that this detail was recorded in history so that the whole world may come to know that Fatima was angry at the first and second Caliphs, and this is proven by her physical gesture of turning away her face.

Logically speaking, we can imagine that surely the Lady of the Universe, the daughter of the Holy Prophet has to be fully covered from head to toe because she represents the best example to all human beings. After all, if she doesn’t cover her face to protect her dignity and honor to the fullest extent, then who will?

In conclusion, Niqab is a personal choice, and each woman should have the liberty to make that decision if she wants to wear it, and it is better for her if she does. The Shari’ah mandates that the least to be covered is the full Hijab excluding the hands and face, coupled of course with social and behavioral Hijab, which is a critical aspect of the Islamic practice of Hijab. Reflecting on the examples presented, we can imagine that during the time of the Prophet and Imams, the Niqab was worn by most women whenever they left their houses and were in the streets in the public among crowds who were strangers. However, when a woman would enter a private setting or a closed area, she had the liberty to show her face even in the presence of men, at least for the sake of identifying herself, provided that she does not attract the attention of men in doing so. Hence, covering the face was a practice that was left to personal judgment according to the circumstances, the setting, and the level of comfort or trust felt depending on the individuals present. Some places may deem it necessary to observe Niqab, while in others there is more of a sense of safety and security for women, so the choice is left to her. Even if we ourselves or our women don’t adopt this practice due to personal circumstances or preferences, we should at least encourage and support those who do observe Niqab realizing that it is the best and better scenario for a woman, although exposing the face and hands are permissible to meet the minimum requirements for Hijab. May Allah enable all our women to excel in their observation of Hijab physically, behaviorally, and socially, and strive to follow the example of the Master Lady of the Universe who is the best model of perfection for a woman!

About Arsalan Rizvi

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33 comments

  1. MashaAllah nice and informative!!
    However, I would like to comment on the Zahra (pbuh) act with Abu Bakar when she turned away her face showing that she as upset and angry upon him: In my opinion, turning the face away doesn’t necessarily mean she was showing her face. The ladies could be still wearing Niqab and still turn their face away as a sign of disagreement or refusal of such things. To add to that the incident of Umar when Alzahra (pbuh) was hiding behind the door because she wasn’t wearing her Niqab is another proof.

    Also taking in consideration the authentic history of sayyeda Zaynab and the prophet hadeith when he was walking with sayyeda Safyia show Niqab was part of their daily life. So Sayyeda Fatima (pbuh) wouldn’t do other. From that I conclude that Hijab is the minimum but Niqab is what Ahl Albayt used!!

    Some ladies have natural shiny faces where others ladies don’t ((even without using makeup) which can attract other males and become a big cause of Fitnah. It is also a big gap for Shaytan. Those ladies in my opinion MUST wear Niqab.
    Allah knows best.

    • Niqab has no place in societies where men and women can interact with each other with respect. Let’s not bring medieval ways and customs from 1000 years ago to make up for men’s weaknesses. Many countries, such as Canada, have progressed to a level where men and women can associate with each other without inappropriate thought and action and this is above any eastern society where women are forced behind a veil because men choose weakness over self improvement and control.

      I wish our ummah would finally use it’s intellect and progress.

  2. I loved it Jermeene as I always do love your writings! I especially liked that you mentioned social and behavioral Hijab which are sometimes lacking and unacknowledged as necessities that accompany the physical Hijab . May Allah bless you in all your efforts!

  3. Just curious, so if a woman is really beautiful she should cover her face, even if she doesn’t have makeup or anything on?

    • Depends on the situation. If one follows the ruling of Ayat. Sistani, the conditions for which she would need to wear it are described in the ruling: “provided that she does not fear of getting into a haram act, that the exposure of her face and hand does not cause men to gaze at her in a forbidden way, and that it does not give rise to immorality in general.” The sister has to decide for herself if any of those 3 situations apply to her in her particular context.

      • That’s rather difficult to judge though – sometimes even a woman with a moderately pretty face is stared at just for being a woman. Is that her fault? Or even if she’s really beautiful – wouldn’t covering her face in the West just give a worse image of Islam?

        Also, do you know what others such as Sayyid Khoei, Fadlallah, Khomeini and such say?

        Thanks.

        • No, I only follow Sayyid Sistani so I only know his ruling. You could inquire to the websites, etc., of those scholars for more information on their take of it.

          Sayyid Sistani actually does have a ruling that if covering her face causes negative impression of Islam in the West in his book Code of Practice…: “Question: If putting on the face veil (an-niqãb) in a country [like England or America] sometimes arouses astonishment and inquiries, is it obligatory to take off such veil since it would become part of the libãsu ’sh-shuhra?

          Answer: It is not obligatory [to do so]. However, if wearing it arouses disapproval by and dislike of the general public in a particular country, it would be classified as “libãsu ’sh-shuhra” in that country and it would not be permissible to wear it over there.

          Again, my understanding at this time is that it is up to the lady herself to determine if that condition is met or not for her individual circumstances. Also, I don’t know Arabic well enough to translate “labsu sh-shuhra” although the context of its use seems to explain it fairly well.

          • I see. I speak Arabic, so that makes sense, thank you.

            Although I do sometimes wish rulings were less vague, as anyone I’ve asked says similar things.

          • [quote name=”Hawraa”]
            Although I do sometimes wish rulings were less vague, as anyone I’ve asked says similar things.[/quote]

            I have at times felt the same way, but rulings are sometimes vague for good reason – there may not be appropriate evidence for a scholar to be more specific and/or being more concrete in some matters might eliminate opening for needed adaptability to context, etc. If all rules were “hard and fast” and inflexible, then people in different situations might not be justly served.

          • Agree with otowi, and this is why we have aalims in our communities, to help provide us the appropriate explanations/contextualizations of the rulings. 🙂

  4. Muhajabeen Naqvi

    Jazakallah sister, great article as usual…mashallah. May Allah(swt) and 14 masoomein (as) bless you…Amen!

  5. There are three events in Islamic history that every Shi’a must observe with utmost sincerity: The event of Ghadir, Martyrdom of Lady Fatima (sa) and the event of Kerbala. Among the three event, two events are such that eyes cry blood because the sanctity of the Holy ladies was violated. The magnitude of the message of these events is parallel to the magnitude of the event itself, however the most apparent reminder (message) is that as the grief stricken follower of Ahlul Bayt (as) we must always observe Hejab, in mosque, at work, in public, and avoid social websites that causes one to ignore the hejab…In any case a great article and a every interesting approach of killing two birds with one stone 🙂

  6. As salamu alyakum.

    I want to disagree with some of the sentiments and comments here.

    This is what Shaheed Mutahari says in Chapter 5 of his book “The Islamic Modest Dress” :

    ” History shows that non-Arabs felt it was obligatory to cover the face. Thus, this custom of covering the face, as we find it now, is not a custom of the Holy Prophet and the Imams.

    In the same chapter, he mentions that Seyyida Zahra (3as) was seen WORKING OUTSIDE with her face exposed.

    No whwere does he mention that Seyyida Zahra (3as) ever wore niqab. Maybe some other jurists or historians believe that, but that is not what is mentioned in his book. .

    I challenge anyone to provide a reference that refutes Shaheed Mutahari’s point that she wore niqab. Maybe there is a point, but one would need to provide a historical or scholarly reference for this.

    If someone can cite Masudi, Yaqubi, or any other Shia historian who says otherwise, I would be curious to hear so

    There are huge problems with this right wing ideology of keeping men and women totally separate and even advocating for niqab in the West. Both are hurting Islam. The latter hurts the image of Islam. There are ulema who have even said that Niqab should NOT be worn in the West, seeing as it hurts the image of Islam. I will see if I can findf some references on that, but I believe Shaheed Muthari was one of them. With respect to the former, rational, academic, intellectual interaction between men and women is good as long as you stay away from the Haram.

    What is the purpose of Hijab if you are going to seclude women? The idea behind hijab is for men and women to interact modestly with one another, not to be like Saudi or the Salafis and restrict women to the home, or to ban nearly all interactions between men and women because of a percieved fear of falling into haram.

    • Lack of evidence is not evidence itself. Just because we don’t find explicit riwayaat saying that she didn’t wear niqab doesn’t necessarily mean that she didn’t. Also, nowhere in the article does the author say that Sayyida Fatima [as] wore niqab 24/7. We all know of the narration when Salman (or maybe it was Jabir) who witnessed her pale face from starvation, so clearly she didn’t observe niqab ALL the time. But as the evidence outlined by the author demonstrates, she did observe niqab many times.

    • Funny that you quote Shaheed Mutahhari [ra] to back up one point, but you miss what he stated elsewhere in regards to mixed gatherings! In the same book, he quotes a hadith of Amirul Momineen [as]: “To the extent possible, keep your wife or wives away from mixing with others. Nothing protects a woman better than the home.” Shaheed Mutahhari [ra] goes on to say: “Where the Imam says to avoid women having to mix with non-mahram’ men, this is more healthy for women. This is truth. However much she is separated from non-mahram men, the danger of deviation lessens, whereas today we see how the danger has increased with their system in the modern world.” (chapter 6)

      He further states in the epilogue:

      “It is recorded that the Holy Prophet ordered the door to the mosque for women be separate from the men’s door so that men and women would not be obliged to go and come through the same door. He forbid men from using that door. [12]

      “It is also recorded that the Holy Prophet commanded that after the night prayer, women be allowed to leave the mosque first so that they would not have to mix together. [13] In order that no contacts prevail, he said that women should walk down the side of the street and men, down the middle. [14]

      “It is because of this that religious jurisprudents issue edicts that it is disapproved for men and women to mix together.”

    • If you are going to worry what people in the West think, you won’t be able to do even your basic wajibaat. I just saw in a magazine that right now, in Tennessee, there is a movement to support a bill making doing the ritual washing before prayer, wuzu, a crime punishable up to 15 years in prison.

      Just because Salafis or Saudis do something doesn’t mean it’s not part of our faith. They also pray. They fast. They do a lot of things that we not only have no problem with, but we also believe in. So for you to throw that out there seems more of a red herring than anything.

      The last thing is, you really should be quoting marjas, not what Muttahari said. He was a respected thinker in some respects, but that didn’t make him a jurisprudent. We should be looking at what the best and brightest in the field of Islamic law say, not automatically turning to those scholars whose ideas we happen to be agreeing with at the moment.

      • PS: I was referring to the issue of what the public thinks not being of primary importance. Of course culture has it’s place in the discourse, but I was under the impression that was a primary concern for you. Otherwise, on it’s own merits, niqaab is completely acceptable in Islam and considered a positive thing. 🙂

  7. Here is a response to your challenge from the same book and the same chapter. Hope it satisfies you.

    Following is from the same Chapter 5 of the book you quoted from earlier.
    “Islam did not make it obligatory to uncover the face. It said it is obligatory to cover the hair, not to display the face. Clearly, those nations which came to accept Islam were following their own customs because Islamic precepts did not say it was obligatory to display the face, except in the harem. Nor did they say it was forbidden to cover the face. It gave a choice. “

    The point it, it is not an obligation, it is a choice. If a muslim woman wants to do it, then she has the choice. NO ONE especially not the kuffar can dictate it to her. We are not saying it is haram to show your face, I think you are implying that it is haram to cover your face and we are negating it.

    • Mutahhari had his ideas, but what our marjas say should be our point of reference. Mutahhari was not a marja, and in any case he is no longer alive so even if he was a marja we should not be looking to follow him. What our living marjas say is that in some cases covering the face is wajib, and not a choice. Please refer to them. 🙂

  8. I can understand your problem of Islam’s image being degraded in the west but brother, do you really think that it all comes down to the niqab? I’ve mentioned before and I will say it again, the image the west wants to see of Islam is the one Irshad Manji and her likes are propagating. I am sure everyone here knows who she is. Should we start to reject everything that is hurting the image of Islam in the west? Because in that case we should start off by shaving our beards, openly shaking hands with our western female associates, mingling with them in bars, hugging and kissing girls as a form of friendly gesture. The whole shabbang. I am sure you disapprove of all of them but the argument that something which hurts Islam’s image in the west, should be abandoned does not sit too well with me. Like it says in the Quran that the Jews and Christians will never approve of you until you abandon your religion and follow theirs. There are no two opinions about it.
    Furthermore according to the fatwa of Ayatollah Sistani a woman has an option to cover her face and his excellency does consider niqab to be a part of Islamic attire. Please refer to his Islamic Laws manual regarding this.

  9. The best of words are the words of wisdom emanating from the Ma’soom. When asked by her father what is the best condition for a woman, she answered, “That no man sees her and she doesn’t see a man.” Reflecting on these words alone is enough to draw a picture of how the concept of Hijab with all its forms should really be implemented; we will then realize that many if not all of us are far away from this rule of thumb. Needless to note that her statement does not add any condition that “unless it hurts Islam” or otherwise. Living up to this best and better code of conduct has nothing to do with “seclusion” of a woman, otherwise her statement may be erroneously perceived as “promoting seclusion” (God forbid) and we know that it is far from the truth.

  10. Guys stop fighting with each other on this issue…

    We do what we always did, fight with each other…..which other people take advantage of….and have always been taking….

    This is such an informative and beautiful article….plzz acknowledge it and if you have your own thoughts….dont make this section a place of hot debates and fighting for one’s opinions….

    If one wants to fight, fight with urself first…..

    The issue of niqab and hijab has always been controversial….if one cant change his/her thinking with such a nice article…one cant change even after discussions…..so plzz consider the unity of ummah the priority.

    • Jaf, I also liked the article, but I want to point out something.

      There is no problem in having disagreements, even strong ones, and discussing things. That’s not fighting! The fact is, all these people are still talking to each other in spite of their differences. This is first step to unity, not pretending everyone agrees with each other. Pretending we all agree or not being frank about things is better at driving us all apart than being transparent with each other. Transparency is what helps us grow. 🙂

      • Alhamdulillah,

        a beautiful article and a beautiful discussion indeed ! i have read the article and after reading the discussion between both sides, i find myself more determine to wear niqab,

        oh my, in the society i’m living in, really, i do not feel comfortable at all being in public except by wearing niqab, so yeah, i’m just starting to wear niqab, and if you ask me the reason, i would say the main one is i don’t feel comfortable the fact that there’s always risk that someone may look at me with improper look, (i’m not beautiful by the way)

        and i guess i started to develop this sense of feeling when i used to come across news regarding rapes, moral degradation, porno hear and there oh my, it really reflects how weak and vulnerable the society is,

        who knows what’s going on in their head with their innocent look, so yep, by wearing niqab, makes me feel free and comfortable, though sometimes feel quite nervous, thinking what people will say, what your father and brother will say my neigbours, friends etc etc, hey , somebody called me an alien 🙂 so it can be a challenge at the beginning, but the best thing we can do is to smile and be quiet 🙂

        so yeah, to those who wish to wear niqab, if people ask you why,,, i guess the simple answer would be, “i feel shy!” :):) yep, end of story!

        again, thank you dear sis and to all for the wonderful discussion, comments, acticle etc!

        • If you consider the circumstances you live in make wearing niqab an obligation, then more power to you when you do so.

          At the same time, there will be many consequences to wearing it, especially if you wear it in the West. In America, for example, one could argue as some have done in the comments above that wearing the niqab has the potential to turn others away from Islam and since it is not an obligation usually that women should not wear it. You have to determine whether this is the case, because if it is, your marja might not allow it. Otherwise, the niqab is a very good and praiseworthy thing.

          Take care and be careful! 🙂

          • * and since it is not an obligation usually that that therefore women should not wear it

          • dot@ yep, thanks for the reminder friend, alhamdulillah, i’m living in the East so, yeah hopefully less risky for us women to wearniqab than those who live in the West, and yep i do agree the fact that when you live in the west, niqab might not be a good option to practise there, people may have more inclination to think negatively about Islam, and they may oppress you, but after all it is you who need to consider all the risks and think which one is best for you and prepare to face the consequence of your decision 🙂 always seek Allah’s help to guide us ! 🙂

  11. I Just wanted to make a brief comment to something that was stated above about Shaheed Mutahari not being a jurist. A jurist makes rulings on FIQH, not history. so for example Seyyid Seestani could rule on matters of fiqh, but history is a different ball game. You have not provided a historical reference from any mujtahid (let alone anyone for that matter) that says the niqab was worn. Some of the known Shia historians are Al Yaqubi and Al Masudi. Rather than dismiss Shaheed Mutahari as someone who was not a jurist (which is a debateable point), dont just say he wasnt an ayatollah; Even if someone is an ayatollah doesnt mean, by your own arguments, that he is an expert in history.

  12. I am a non-Muslim, but after reading a story whereupon an Islamic woman was stopped for a traffic violation and was required to remove her Niqab in order to be identified it caused me some inner turmoil. On one hand I found this disturbing, but on the other hand I could see the necessity in some instances for removing the Niqab. My question is this: “Under what circumstances, (if any) can a woman remove her Niqab and still remain chaste in the eyes of Islamic law?

    • Dwayne, most scholars do not deem niqab obligatory, at least not all the time. Hijab (headscarf) is requirement and niqab (a type of face covering) is often considered above and beyond but some women are part of schools of thought where they think it is a requirement or they just really really want to wear it and aren’t comfortable otherwise. In general, a woman would wear hijab at all times in public, unless in a venue that is all women or all relatives of a certain degree. Some exceptions would be removing hijab if absolutely necessary for medical treatment. Some scholars have rulings allowing its temporary removal to comply with state-mandated ID laws, i.e. for the photo itself if the state requires it to be without hijab, which is not generally the case, but they would consider this a form of oppression being imposed upon the women.

      • Thank you for your response. I wish to respect all persons religious beliefs and if a woman wishes to wear the hijab or niqab they certainly should be allowed to do so! I am happy to learn under certain circumstances it can be removed without harming the woman’s honor.

  13. So if someone is very ugly, she don’t have to cover her face right?

    • reply – to Cover

      Wearing hijab is for protecting the society, protecting the dignity and the honour of the women which are considered as the noble creations of God. just like men.

      Wearing niqab, it is a step further, an advanced step i would say in protecting and preserving the honour and dignity of the woman, also a step further to protect the society especially when one is living in corrupt society with corrupt mentality with corrupt atmosphere. It gives extra sense of safety for us, ladies.

      So it got nothing to do with the face, either beautiful or no. By the way, every creation of God is beautiful, it is the eyes that still fail to notice and appreciate the beauty.

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